Strategic Nuclear Forces of the World, March 2008
Part 3: Russia

under construction
compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston
last modified 19 April 2008



These tables summarize world strategic and theater nuclear forces. In addition to forces traditionally classified as strategic, information on theater nuclear forces (range in excess of 500 km) are included, since many of these forces are (or could be) assigned strategic missions (in contrast to tactical, or battlefield, missions). Numbers of deployed systems are given for January 1992 (end of the Cold War), January 2000, March 2008 (present), and December 2012 (approximate culmination of START retirements).

These pages are under construction. Please refer to the Introduction for further details, explanation of table and abbreviations, and sources.


Russia

type system warhead cep
(m)
range
(km)
number deployed notes notes
Jan
1992
Jan
2000
Mar
2008
Dec
2012
ICBM UR-100K
(SS-11 Mod 2 Sego)
1 x 1.3 mt
15F842 (tn)
1100 12000 8 0 0 0 in silos; IOC 1973, retired 1994 P01a, Z02a
UR-100U
(SS-11 Mod 3 Sego)
3 x 350 kt
MRV
900 10600 200 0 0 0 in silos; IOC 1973, retired 1994 P01a, Z02a
RT-2P
(SS-13 Mod 2 Savage)
1 x 1 mt
15F1
1500 10200 40 0 0 0 in silos; IOC Dec 1972, retired 1996 P01a, Z02a
MR UR-100UTTH
(SS-17 Mod 3 Spanker)
4 x 550 kt
15F161
400 11000 40 0 0 0 in silos; IOC Oct 1978, retired 1994 P01a, Z02a
R-36MUTTH
(SS-18 Mod 4 Satan)
10 x 550 kt
15F183
400 11500 222 117 20 0 in 5000-psi silos; IOC Sep 1979 (Mod 4), Jul 1988 (Mod 5), Aug 1990 (Mod 6); as of 2008 based at Dombarovsky (41) and Uzhur (34); Mod 4 to retire 2008 N00b, P01a, P06a, Z02a
R-36M2 Voevoda
(SS-18 Mod 5 Satan)
10 x 750 kt
15F173/175
220 11000 76 58 50 40 N05b, P01a, P06a, Z02a
R-36M2 Voevoda
(SS-18 Mod 6 Satan)
1 x 20 mt
(tn)
220 16000 10 5 5 0 P01a, Z02a
UR-100N
(SS-19 Mod 2 Stiletto)
1 x 5 mt
(tn)
. 9650 10 10 5 5 in 5000-psi silos; IOC 1977 (Mod 2), Nov 1979 (Mod 3); as of 2008 based at Tatishchevo (50) and Kozelsk (50) P01a, Z02a
UR-100NUTTH
(SS-19 Mod 3 Stiletto)
6 x 550 kt 400 10000 290 140 95 95 P01a, P06a, Z02a
RT-23 UTTH Molodets 15Zh60
(SS-24 Mod 1 Scalpel)
10 x 550 kt 220 11000 56 10 0 0 in silos; IOC Aug 1988, retired *
RT-23 UTTH Molodets 15Zh61
(SS-24 Mod 2 Scalpel)
10 x 550 kt 220 11000 36 36 0 0 rail-mobile basing; IOC Dec 1987, retired in 2005 P01a, Z02a
RT-2PM Topol
(SS-25 Sickle)
1 x 550 kt 220 11000 306 360 201 120 on road-mobile TELs; IOC Jul 1985, being retired; as of 2008 based at Vypolzovo (18), Teykovo (12), Yoshkar-Ola (27), Nizhniy Tagil (36), Novosibirsk (45), Irkutsk (27), and Barnaul (36) N00b, P01a, P06a, P06d, Z02a
RT-2PM2 Topol-M
(SS-27 Sickle)
1 x 1 mt 350 11000 0 20 48 72 in silos; IOC Dec 1997; as of 2008 based at Tatishchevo P06a, P06d, Z02a
1 x 1 mt 350 11000 0 0 6 20 on road-mobile TELs; IOC Dec 2006; as of 2008 based at Teykovo N05b
3 x ? 350 11000 0 0 0 0 on road-mobile TELs N05b
RS-24 Yars
(SS-X-29?)
10? x ? . 10000? 0 0 0 10 on road-mobile TELs?; IOC 2009? N05b
SLBM R-27 Zyb
(SS-N-6 Mod 2)
2 x 500 kt
(tn), MRV
. 2500 96 0 0 0 16 per 667 Navaga (Yankee I)-class SSBN *
R-29D
(SS-N-8 Mod 2 Sawfly)
1 x 1 mt
(tn)
. 9000 204 0 0 0 12 per 667B Murena (Delta I)-class SSBN *
1 x 1 mt
(tn)
. 9000 64 0 0 0 16 per 667BD Murena-M (Delta II)-class SSBN; retired 1996 *
R-29R Volna
(SS-N-18 Mod 1)
3 x 500 kt 900 6500 224 192 0 0 16 per Project 667BDR (Delta III)-class SSBN; as of 2006 home ported at Rybachiy, Vladivostok (4 SSBN), and Gadzhiyevo, Murmansk (2 SSBN) P06b
R-29K Volna
(SS-N-18 Mod 3)
4 x 200 kt 900 6500 0 0 96 0 P06b
R-39 Rif-Ma
(SS-N-20 Mod 2)
10 x 200 kt 500 8300 120 60 40 0 20 per Project 941 Akula (Typhoon)-class SSBN; as of 2006 two laid up, one SSBN in refit for Bulava *
R-29RM Shtil
(SS-N-23)
4 x 200 kt 350 8300 112 112 80 32 16 per Project 667BDRM (Delta IV)-class SSBN; IOC 1986; Sineva IOC 2007; 6 SSBN at Gadzhiyevo, Murmansk, including 2 in refit/conversion to Sineva; average 1 on patrol but others can launch missiles from port P06b
R-29RM Sineva
(SS-N-23)
10 x 250 kt 350 8300 0 0 16 64 P06b
Bulava
(SS-NX-30)
6 x 250 kt 350 . 0 0 20 0 20 per Project 941 Akula (Typhoon)-class SSBN; as of 2006 one SSBN on sea trials for Bulava testing P06b
6 x 250 kt 350 . 0 0 16 48 16 per Borey-class SSBN; IOC 2008 P06b
SB Tupolev-95K-22
(Bear G)
2 x Kh-22
and 4 x NGB
9800 45 0 0 0 *
Tupolev-95MS6
(Bear H6)
6 x Kh-55 . 52 32 32 32 based at Ukrainka, Khabarovsk Kray (40), Engels, Saratov (18), and Ryazan (6) P05a
Tupolev-95MS16
(Bear H16)
16 x Kh-55 . 32 32 32 32 P05a
Tupolev-160
(Blackjack)
12 x Kh-55SM . 6 6 15 15 based at Ukrainka, Khabarovsk Kray P05a
24 x Kh-15A . 0 0 0 0 based at Ukrainka *
4? x NGB . 0 0 0 0 based at Ukrainka *
ALCM Kh-55 (AS-15A) 1 x 250 kt 50 3000 824 704 704 704 . P05a
Kh-55SM (AS-15B) 1 x 250 kt 50 . 72 72 180 180 . P05a
Kh-102 1 x 250 kt 50 . 0 0 0 . IOC ? P05a
ASM Kh-15A
(AS-16)
1 x 300 kt 300 . 0 0 0 . . .
Kh-22 Burya
(AS-4)
1 x 1 mt 1000 . 90 0 0 0 . .
NGB ? 1 x 1 mt . 0 180 0 0 0 . .
type system warhead cep
(m)
range
(km)
number deployed notes notes
Jan
1992
Jan
2000
Mar
2008
Dec
2012
SLCM RKP-55 Granat
(SS-N-21)
1 x 250 kt 50 3000 80 80 80 80 . .
P-750 Meteorit
(SS-N-24)
1 x 1 mt . 5000 12 0 0 0 12 per 667M Andromeda (Yankee)-class SSGN; 1 SSGN completed in 1984, retired 1994, but may have never been operational .
TB Tupolev-22M3
(Backfire C)
2 x . 300 130 116 100 . *


© 2000-2006, 2008 by Wm. Robert Johnston.
Last modified 19 April 2008.
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