Historical international adoption statistics, United States and world

compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston
last updated 5 August 2017

Introduction: The following tables are presented:

Data are from multiple sources, sometimes using unconsistent methods or reporting periods (e.g. fiscal year vs. calendar year) such that time series may not be uniform. Some data are incomplete; "unspecified" sending nation in table 1 indicates adoptions with unspecified source nation in available data. Sources are listed following the tables.

Also see Historical adoption statistics and child population/welfare statistics, United States.

Graphs of some of the tabulated data:


Table 1: United States international adoptions by sending nation/region, 1953-2013

yearTotalChina, PRRussiaNorth America (less USA)Asia (less PRC, Russia, ROK)Korea, Republic ofEurope (less Russia)AfricaSouth AmericaOceania and Australiaunknownnot available
19534,300    4     4,296
1954     8      
1955     59      
1956     668      
195710,900    485     10,415
1958     922      
1959     737      
1960     627      
1961     655      
1962385   0244     141
19631,312   20439     853
19641,651   60441     1,150
19651,448   40421     987
19661,679   20392     1,267
19671,905   50450     1,405
19681,602   60624     918
19692,080   50755     1,275
19702,409   80998     1,331
19712,724   801,252     1,392
19723,023   1201,671     1,232
19734,015   3102,329     1,376
19744,770   9902,661     1,119
19755,633   6502,995     1,988
19766,552   204,008     2,524
19776,493   103,711     2,772
19785,315   02,942     2,373
19794,862    2,347     2,515
19805,139    2,404     2,735
19814,868    2,684     2,184
19825,749    3,862     1,887
19837,127   04,854     2,273
19848,3270  805,348     2,899
19859,28516  06,021     3,248
19869,94510   6,138     3,797
198710,09711 0 5,9910    4,095
19889,12012 13105,07711    3,889
19898,10217 1781193,54421 0  4,223
19907,09329 7439192,6201350978  1,669
19919,0506109911,2561,8182,751151,914  244
19926,5362063241,0469711,840480371,447  185
19937,3773307461,1031,0381,775712311,470  172
19948,3337871,5308251,2571,795740541,184  161
19959,6792,1301,8967181,2861,666655661,040  222
199611,3403,3332,4546831,2501,5161,07047780  207
199713,6213,5973,8161,1981,2341,6541,256143540  183
199815,7744,2064,4911,3541,8211,8291,0441485190 362
199916,3694,1084,3811,3921,9312,0081,70115045850235
200018,8575,0584,2861,8792,8281,7842,3532064521010
200119,6524,7054,2921,9853,2841,8622,7303364321970
200221,4676,1164,9502,7733,0571,7761,9663414671920
200321,6546,8575,2212,7652,6471,7931,4834234025940
200422,9917,0385,8623,8642,0231,7131,3876054484470
200522,7347,9034,6314,2951,8321,6281,10686544321100
200620,6806,4923,7024,6931,9071,3736591,340502750
200719,6085,4532,3035,1672,5769388691,8344501350
200817,4563,9121,8574,6492,3991,0647142,409438950
200912,7443,0001,5861,2911,8661,0797692,7653513340
201011,0583,4011,0793681,1648656573,1473412790
20119,3192,5879622759667368752,5482976760
20128,6682,6977483156606276902,6102942700
20137,0942,3062506455651387942,0982653300
20146,4412,04026845453709101,5842634300
20155,6482,35403405373187681,0932053300
20165,3722,23103316052607281,0221761900
yearTotalChina, PRRussiaNorth America (less USA)Asia (less PRC, ROK)Korea, Republic ofEurope (less Russia)AfricaSouth AmericaOceania and Australiaunknownnot available
1999-2016267,81278,25846,11237,71131,39220,33221,15925,3766,68442766295
percent100.0029.2217.2214.0811.727.597.909.482.500.160.020.11

Table 2: United States international adoptions by sending nation, 1953-2016, for sending nations with highest totals for 1999-2016

yearChina, PRRussiaGuatemalaKorea, Republic ofEthiopiaUkraineKazakhstanIndiaVietnamColombiaHaitiPhilippinesRomaniaCambodiaChina, Republic ofBulgariaNigeriaUgandaCongo, DRLiberiaPolandGhanaMexicoThailandJamaicaLatviaBelarus
1953   4                       
1954   8                       
1955   59                       
1956   668                       
1957   485                       
1958   922                       
1959   737                       
1960   627                       
1961   655                       
1962   244    0                  
1963   439    20                  
1964   441    60                  
1965   421    40                  
1966   392    20                  
1967   450    50                  
1968   624    60                  
1969   755    50                  
1970   998    80                  
1971   1,252    80                  
1972   1,671    120                  
1973   2,329    310                  
1974   2,661    990                  
1975   2,995    650                  
1976   4,008    20                  
1977   3,711    10                  
1978   2,942    0                  
1979   2,347    0                  
1980   2,404    0                  
1981   2,684    0                  
1982   3,862    0                  
1983   4,854    0                  
1984   5,348    80                  
198516  6,021    0                  
198610  6,138    0                  
198711  5,991    0                  
198812  5,077    0 40    0           
198917  3,544    10 80 3  1       109   
199029 2572,620   34850 64421121  3      112100   
199161 3291,818150044537521493932,59460549    92 971314150
19922063244181,84037551352224041635712115369100 01090918627421
19933307465121,7753027319331110426513609713213300 17009169481536
19947871,5304361,7955416438412220351613411993359700 0940854735336
19952,1301,8964491,6666341637131835049298275102311000 3300835345597
19963,3332,4544271,516441138035425568229555321916300 36407655348236
19973,5973,8167881,6548259263494252331421636216619148150 38780152633110849
19984,2064,4919691,829961805447860323612120040624930151110 97791688438762
19994,1084,3811,0022,00842323113499709231961948951613212580017982113678525632
20005,0584,2861,5161,784956583825007282451301711,1197972821441125841310687392546
20014,7054,2921,6101,8621651,24065854273626519221978281142296333647961872685127128
20026,1164,9502,4191,7761051,094810461766335187218169384492604518023114861673832167
20036,8575,2212,3281,793165692828473382272248211200147107198473727111661713617186
20047,0385,8623,2641,71328479483540621285355199574710811070161861011389705215201
20057,9034,6313,7831,6284428247553237287234268261413065171118373228871622821
20066,4923,7024,1351,3737314635883191633443102480218728621243536727705649240
20075,4532,3034,7269381,25461354741182830919126030184203354103148438896646340
20083,9121,8574,1121,0641,72349037930874830630129120266514855924977971055939380
20093,0001,5867541,0792,275610295297481238330281502531510969213550103725654280
20103,4011,079508652,5114501812419235133216002824018962414850117525359400
20112,587962327361,7326408622602163322900205751492071332952992244100561
20122,69774876271,56839501590195154125001771251972382403435171215743820
20132,306250231389934380119015938817800941591832763131249170213679890
20142,0402293707165210136017246417230691831302012301653124122861800
20152,354013318335303013801531431503059185154202168860852447421700
20162,231022601833030194131311781565059201121187359109829174556811
1999-201678,25846,11229,80520,33215,31910,8516,4575,7525,5914,3784,0673,7863,2452,3552,3422,2691,7471,6211,5541,5161,3521,1611,1181,059958922783
yearChina, PRRussiaGuatemalaKorea, Republic ofEthiopiaUkraineKazakhstanIndiaVietnamColombiaHaitiPhilippinesRomaniaCambodiaChina, Republic ofBulgariaNigeriaUgandaCongo, DRLiberiaPolandGhanaMexicoThailandJamaicaLatviaBelarus

Table 3: Intercountry adoption statistics by receiving nations, 1969-2016

yearAustraliaBelgiumCanadaCyprusDenmarkFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwaySpainSwedenSwitzerlandUnited KingdomUnited States*all
1969                   1,031  2,0803,336
1970               192 115 1,150  2,4094,059
1971                   1,369  2,7245,050
1972                   1,364  3,0235,591
1973                   1,314  4,0156,932
1974                   1,443  4,7708,387
1975               1,018 397 1,517  5,6339,388
1976                   1,791  6,55210,354
1977                   1,864  6,49310,701
1978                   1,625  5,3159,325
1979                   1,382  4,8628,611
1980               1,594 384 1,704  5,13911,312
1981                   1,789  4,86811,997
1982                   1,474  5,74912,945
1983                   1,651  7,12714,672
1984                   1,493  8,32716,184
1985               1,138 507 1,560  9,28518,362
1986                   1,542  9,94519,451
1987                   1,355  10,09719,622
1988516662232 523782,441875    2,078  577 566931,074492 9,12019,327
1989                   883  8,10219,073
1990               830 500 965  7,09317,000
1991                   1,113  9,05018,500
1992                   1,115  6,53616,500
1993  1,740   2,783     1,696  574   934923 7,37718,609
1994  2,045   3,075     1,712  594   959741 8,33320,377
1995  2,022   3,028 236   2,161  661 488 895665 9,67922,723
1996  2,064   3,666     2,649  704   908742 11,34024,953
1997  1,799   3,528     2,019  666   834733 13,62126,813
19982454872,222126241813,777922 15147 2,23360 8253716431,48792845625815,77431,985
19992444502,019166971493,597977 142142142,17766 9933565892,0061,01939131216,36932,974
2000  1,866            1,193 589 981  18,85734,207
20012894191,874106312183,094798 171792691,79756 1,1223587133,4281,04445832619,65236,752
20022944441,92636092463,551884 193571652,22547 1,1302637473,6251,10747828521,46739,872
20032784302,18035232383,995674 303582562,77251231,1542787143,9511,04665630121,65441,565
20043704701,95535282894,079749 283982263,40256461,3073517065,5411,10955733222,99145,493
20054344711,87135853084,136721 413661912,84041391,185305825,4231,08338936922,73443,857
20064213831,53504502183,977662 193131763,1884560816204484,47287941036320,68039,742
20074053581,713194261763,162783 183922183,4202364778494263,64880039435619,60837,526
20082703641,915163951573,271718 134221503,9772853767303043,15679336722517,45634,847
20092694392,122124961873,017606 173071203,9643634682163473,00691234920012,74429,867
20102223881,94644191603,508524 182011144,1304042705193432,89172938817511,05829,005
20112153511,513123381632,003624 191881154,0222450528193042,5736303671539,31923,555
20121492601,16212191751,569452 17119883,1063257488252391,6694663141208,66819,440
20131381781,24321761411,343289 872692,8251719401421441,1913412801247,09416,160
2014114156 90521241421,069227 1134422,206131135422152824345226686,44113,505
2015 83137 895497 81815200 2082372,216181830412132799333197585,64812,202
2016                      5,372 
yearAustraliaBelgiumCanadaCyprusDenmarkFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwaySpainSwedenSwitzerlandUnited KingdomUnited States*all

Table 4, part 1: Intercountry adoption statistics by sending nations, 1988-2013

yearBelarusBoliviaBrazilBulgariaBurkina FasoCambodiaChileChina, PRChina, Republic ofColumbiaCongo, DREthiopiaGhanaGuatemalaHaitiHong KongHungaryIndiaIvory CoastJamaicaKazakhstan
1988                  1,661   
1989                  1,213   
1990                  1,272   
1991                     
1992                  1,007   
1993                     
1994                     
1995   991               1,236   
1996                     
1997                     
1998   637   347      481      1,571   
1999   630   403        1,453    1,615   
2000  60  214  596  5,095  246  95  1,518 131   1,364   399
2001    297  565  7,725  266  728  1,609 192   1,298  51 672
2002   358   626  9,135    695      1,231   
2003 656 273 478 965 63 309 10011,229 221 1,750 18 854 21 2,677 1,055  69 1,172 22 79 861
2004 627 260 487 378 93 94 9313,407 189 1,741 12 1,527 32 3,424 1,159  68 1,083 29 75 903
2005 23 250 463 125 78 173 10614,496 237 1,470 45 1,778 39 3,872 958 30  873 38 85 823
2006 34 130 513 96 107 294 8510,745 260 1,639 62 2,172 34 4,227 1,096 34 97 834 36 69 699
2007 14 134 486 95 97 249 87 8,753 262 1,626 69 3,033 58 4,851 783 21 135 1,003 65 66 753
2008 5  490 132 85 83 51 5,972 298 1,617 62 3,911 117 4,186 1,368 16 116 821 75 39 769
2009 26 32 469 129 58 83 71 5,085 279 1,413 156 4,596 121 799 1,238 19 122 725 88 54 682
2010 99  380 248 79  84 5,471 309 1,827 188 4,396 129 58 2,601 18 139 613 105 59 516
2011 1  350 75 68  122 4,373 234 1,599 354 3,455 114 36 239 11 4 632 46 100 218
2012   338 125 90  118 4,136 223 933 517 2,800 181 16 369 20 24 394 66 43 5
2013   240 159 65  109 3,406 135 575 583 2,025 189 26 546 18 23 351 57 79 28
2014 104 1 132 183 43  85 2,948 100 536 230 1,086 124 32 572 30 79 353 71 61 63
2015 40  143 185 38  68 3,055 76 518 168 684 85 13 287 20 98 343 56 42 34
2016 1  7 201 2   2,231 59 131 359 183 29 2 178 7 16 194 1 56 
yearBelarusBoliviaBrazilBulgariaBurkina FasoCambodiaChileChina, PRChina, Republic ofColumbiaCongo, DREthiopiaGhanaGuatemalaHaitiHong KongHungaryIndiaIvory CoastJamaicaKazakhstan

Table 4, part 2: Intercountry adoption statistics by sending nations, 1988-2013

yearKenyaKorea, Republic ofLiberiaLithuaniaMadagascarMaliMexicoMoldovaMoroccoNepalNigeriaPeruPhilippinesPolandRomaniaRussiaSouth AfricaThailandUgandaUkraineUnited StatesVietnam
1988  6,463                    
1989  4,191                    
1990  2,962                    
1991  2,197                    
1992  2,045                    
1993  2,290                   47 
1994  2,262                   84 
1995  2,180                   94 
1996  2,080                   92 
1997  2,057                   88 
1998  2,443                   78 
1999  2,409                   102 
2000  2,360     106 79     173 83 1,119 4,269  88  659 78 724
2001  2,436 51    73      219 86 782 4,279  74  1,246 65 737
2002  2,365                   53 
2003 46 2,306 32 85 393 135 79  53 195 64 118 406 345 456 7,745 144 495 12 2,052 74 936
2004 48 2,258 87 99 335 82 145  66 269 94 91 414 406 287 9,425 242 515 18 2,021 126 491
2005 47 2,101 193 108 280 93 149  38 182 99 163 503 409 2 7,480 226 414 22 1,982 169 1,198
2006 26 1,899 369 125 137 126 139  55 395 104 174 460 395 0 6,783 206 360 15 1,053 178 1,370
2007 35 1,265 335 148 73 166 181 20 41 222 81 171 574 383 0 4,926 212 467 57 1,623 178 1,695
2008 54 1,366 256 121 15 108 105 33 59 54 223 30 590 407 0 4,174 235 400 49 1,578 287 1,739
2009 64 1,421 38 146 39 196 83 23 69 14 185 72 600 403 0 4,058 292 368 74 1,516 317 1,506
2010 71 1,154 52 115 56 132 117 13 94 30 267 24 515 325 0 3,426 197 306 82 1,098 205 1,260
2011 80 951 30 144 55 163 22 10 109 63 246 13 490 299 0 3,424 189 283 225 1,065 73 706
2012 83 818 34 98 52 145 21 3 102 3 266 26 411 249 0 2,677 165 282 248 722 99 214
2013 14 227 13 80 47 9 37  74  242 111 534 304 7 1,834 213 306 291 642 84 295
2014 10 506 16 14 4  12 6 43 1 130 73 458 297 16 1,057 24 273 201 610 96 407
2015 2 431 8 11 6 14 24 2 22 2 154 65 401 297 31 778 33 259 202 382 93 429
2016 1 260 10 7   17  21  121 14 156 98 19  25 45 187 303 89 13
yearKenyaKorea, Republic ofLiberiaLithuaniaMadagascarMaliMexicoMoldovaMoroccoNepalNigeriaPeruPhilippinesPolandRomaniaRussiaSouth AfricaThailandUgandaUkraineUnited StatesVietnam

Sources:


© 2012-2014, 2017 by Wm. Robert Johnston.
Last modified 5 August 2017.
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