U.S. expenditures for defense and education, 1910-2019

compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston
last modified 7 September 2021

Defense spending includes all federal spending for national defense, DOD and civilian, but excludes veterans affairs. Public school spending includes all government expenditures (federal, state, and local) for public schools elementary through high school. All education spending includes public school spending plus expenditures for private primary and secondary schools and for private and public post-secondary institutions. All figures adjusted for inflation (expressed in 2021 $)

The table below gives yearly expenditures in millions of inflation-adjusted dollars (2021 $) and in then-year dollars (current $). Figures in parenthesis are estimated.

in 2021 $ (millions)in current year $ (millions)
yeardefensepublic K-12all K-12higher educationall educationyeardefensepublic K-12all K-12higher educationall education
19109,29312,65514,2432,72816,972191031342648092572
19119,21312,975   1911317447   
19129,09713,741   1912320483   
19139,25814,397   1913335522   
19149,35514,921   1914348555   
19159,11916,048   1915344605   
19168,67816,493(18,300)2,935(21,200)1916337641(710)114(820)
191714,009    1917618    
1918119,22814,808   19186,149764   
1919181,396    191911,011    
192033,05714,526(16,100)3,034(19,200)19202,3581,036(1,150)216(1,370)
192124,728    19211,769    
192214,57024,642   19229351,581   
192311,615    1923730    
192410,72528,338   19246891,821   
192511,121    1925717    
192610,15430,396   19266772,026   
192710,511    1927688    
192811,35633,869   19287322,184   
192912,352    1929791    
193013,09636,16339,8037,91547,71819308392,3172,5505073,057
193113,920    1931833    
193215,45040,29644,5509,94154,49119328342,1752,4045372,941
193316,089    1933784    
193414,23834,71438,2809,47147,75119347061,7201,8974692,366
193518,173    1935924    
193622,31538,28941,56710,52952,09619361,1481,9692,1375412,679
193722,421    19371,185    
193823,12941,63945,64511,45657,10119381,2402,2332,4486143,062
193926,184    19391,368    
194034,37944,80249,14112,89662,03619401,7992,3442,5716753,102
1941121,429    19416,435    
1942439,75739,80943,85412,65256,506194225,6582,3232,5597383,297
19431,052,686    194366,699    
19441,213,25437,60441,65614,93356,589194479,1432,4532,7179743,691
19451,246,107    194582,965    
1946625,23942,58547,58815,94463,532194642,6812,9073,2491,0884,337
1947161,201    194712,808    
1948104,41449,44055,51821,59777,11519489,1054,3114,8411,8836,725
1949145,735    194913,150    
1950154,85965,87074,70525,340100,045195013,7245,8386,6212,2468,494
1951250,570    195123,566    
1952468,60774,67285,12125,124110,245195246,0897,3448,3722,47110,843
1953529,010    195352,802    
1954489,54590,350103,80528,647132,452195449,2669,09210,4472,88313,329
1955426,651    195542,729    
1956422,699108,898125,07034,787159,856195642,52310,95512,5823,50016,081
1957439,020    195745,430    
1958437,989126,950146,39942,192188,591195846,81513,56915,6484,51020,158
1959452,238    195949,015    
1960437,724141,994163,93150,943214,873196048,13015,61318,0255,60122,314
1961445,492    196149,601    
1962467,111163,316189,80463,596253,400196252,55018,37321,3537,15528,508
1963471,687    196353,718    
1964476,853184,761211,36079,516290,876196455,03821,32524,3959,17833,573
1965436,546    196551,023    
1966494,023219,789249,934104,749354,683196658,99826,24829,84812,51042,358
1967584,317  115,502 196771,990  14,230 
1968645,428259,084291,296129,482420,778196882,15232,97737,07716,48153,558
1969619,609  138,444 196982,715  18,482 
1970579,325287,732305,413148,834454,247197081,91240,68343,18321,04464,227
1971531,367306,006324,164157,206481,370197179,00945,50048,20023,37571,575
1972515,167312,004330,835165,969496,804197279,33848,05050,95025,56076,510
1973481,191323,636342,985174,488517,473197377,09551,85254,95227,95682,908
1974462,543326,450345,933175,998521,931197480,72056,97060,37030,71491,084
1975452,032334,560355,197180,869536,066197587,61564,84668,84635,057103,903
1976430,066340,148361,828187,430549,258197689,87670,60175,10138,903114,004
1977436,824337,786360,549193,942554,491197797,51774,19479,19442,599121,793
1978437,936344,907369,225196,127565,3521978104,64980,84486,54445,971132,515
1979442,970338,240362,815197,849560,6641979116,77786,71293,01250,721143,733
1980449,605330,298355,080195,893550,9731980134,62995,962103,16256,913160,075
1981474,887321,161346,453197,564544,0171981157,964104,125112,32564,053176,378
1982520,550315,683342,088199,709541,7961982185,933111,186120,48670,339190,825
1983567,674322,396350,436206,725557,1621983209,882118,425128,72575,936204,661
1984592,451334,722364,913215,254580,1661984228,045127,500139,00081,993220,993
1985634,197346,094377,420227,237604,6571985253,109137,000149,40089,951239,351
1986669,668364,877397,289239,493636,7821986273,832148,600161,80097,536259,336
1987671,726386,519420,871254,069674,9401987282,517160,900175,200105,764280,964
1988664,274398,353433,644262,464696,1091988290,918172,699187,999113,787301,786
1989662,734425,476461,635273,107734,7421989304,034192,977209,377123,869333,246
1990623,137447,725486,444283,350769,7941990300,141212,770231,170134,655365,825
1991631,888457,764497,269291,478788,7471991319,704229,430249,230146,088395,318
1992580,565466,029506,048301,959808,0071992302,602241,055261,755156,189417,944
1993544,549474,175514,856309,776824,6321993292,430252,935274,635165,241439,876
1994512,165484,818525,934316,777842,7111994282,266265,307287,807173,350461,157
1995482,831495,637537,207325,040862,2471995273,562279,000302,400182,969485,369
1996456,626507,846550,045329,420879,4651996265,961293,646318,046190,477508,523
1997454,320526,549569,931336,128906,0591997271,674313,151338,951199,903538,854
1998444,703552,300597,400345,037942,4381998270,250334,315361,615208,856570,471
1999444,735577,853624,622355,491980,1131999275,463355,838384,638218,909603,547
2000461,552602,677651,132373,7301,024,8622000294,965381,838412,538236,784649,322
2001463,992626,927678,814397,0931,075,9072001306,075410,811444,811260,206705,017
2002521,185652,838707,871420,9401,128,8112002348,952435,364472,064280,716752,780
2003590,937667,460723,069444,4051,167,4742003404,942454,907492,807302,884795,691
2004647,580680,947737,377454,8111,192,1882004454,057474,242513,542316,751830,293
2005681,571696,358754,066466,9891,221,0552005493,603499,569540,969335,019875,988
2006692,495709,350767,626474,7811,242,4072006519,967528,269571,669353,580925,249
2007712,917735,860796,463491,5631,288,0262007547,868562,195608,495375,553984,048
2008763,044753,908815,880515,5771,331,4572008612,434597,314646,414408,4871,054,901
2009820,867759,709820,204536,1891,356,3932009656,724610,326658,926430,7571,089,683
2010846,767748,340806,775550,4251,357,2012010688,854607,018654,418446,4791,100,897
2011837,490730,399788,410570,4341,358,8442011699,392604,356652,356471,9961,124,352
2012783,983706,859761,811573,1041,334,9152012670,523601,994648,794488,0821,136,876
2013719,916700,845756,514576,1651,332,6782013625,750606,813655,013498,8611,153,874
2014675,273710,749768,518587,9921,356,5102014596,449625,018675,818517,0681,192,886
2015658,446735,099797,191604,5431,401,7342015583,385651,135706,135535,4911,241,626
2016654,000759,878826,378627,3951,453,7722016584,831677,605736,905559,4661,296,371
2017646,733779,160847,210642,5911,489,8012017590,192707,601769,401583,5751,352,976
2018666,194(793,000)(861,000)(650,000)(1,512,000)2018622,687(736,000)(800,000)(604,000)(1,404,000)
2019710,457(807,000)(878,000)(655,000)(1,533,000)2019676,370(765,000)(832,000)(621,000)(1,453,000)
2020739,173    2020713,750    
2021(710,846)    2021(705,392)    

Sources:


© 2001-2018, 2021 by Wm. Robert Johnston.
Last modified 7 September 2021.
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